Shakespeare’s birds cause US trouble Last updated 8 hours ago.

 

By Jane O’Brien

BBC News, Washington

The little starling makes a big impact on the US economy and ecosystem
Birds feature prominently in Shakespeare’s plays and poetry. But one of the bard’s birds has become a major nuisance in the US.Image

Choughs, wrens, cormorants, owls, nightingales, larks and some 60 other species all have their place in the playwright’s canon.

Such references have inspired bird lovers for centuries.

So much so that in 1890, a German immigrant named Eugene Schieffelin decided it would be a great idea to introduce as many of Shakespeare’s birds as possible to North America.

One cold winter’s day he released 60 starlings into New York’s Central Park in the hope they would start breeding.

Unfortunately, they did.

The US is now home to an estimated 200 million European starlings. Thickset and pugnacious, starlings are the bruisers of the avian world.

And they are now such a nuisance they are one of the few bird species unprotected by law.

“Starlings are lean and mean. In the industry they’re often called feathered bullets,” says Michael Begier, National Coordinator for the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Airports Wildlife Hazards Program.

“They’re a particular problem at airports because they flock in very large numbers, and compared to other birds their bodies are very dense. They are about 27% more dense than a herring gull which is a much larger bird.”

When a flock of starlings strikes an airplane the effects can be devastating. In 1960 they caused the most deadly bird strike in US aviation history.

The birds flew into the engines of a plane as it took off from Boston’s Logan Airport, and it crashed into the harbour, killing 62 people on board.

Starlings also cost US agriculture an estimated $1bn (£595m) a year in damage to crops – particularly fruit trees.

They can even cause milk production to drop at dairy farms because they steal the grain being fed to cows.

“What makes the starlings particularly insidious is that they pick out the finest quality grain, which causes a reduction in dairy output because the cows aren’t getting the nutrition they need,” says George Linz, a research wildlife biologist at the USDA National Wildlife Research Center.

“Very often farmers don’t realise what’s happening.”

Ironically, starlings are only mentioned once by Shakespeare – in Henry IV Part I.

Hotspur is in rebellion against the King and is thinking of ways to torment him. In Act 1 Scene III he fantasizes about teaching a starling to say “Mortimer” – one of the king’s enemies.

“Nay, I’ll have a starling shall be taught to speak nothing but Mortimer, and give it to him to keep his anger still in motion,” Shakespeare wrote.

“As with everything, Shakespeare’s imagination seems to know no boundaries,” says Drew Lichtenberg, literary associate for the Shakespeare Theater Company, which is currently staging Henry IV Parts I and II.

“He uses birds to express the depth of romantic feeling in Romeo and Juliet. He uses them to express the screech of night owls in the Scottish Play [Macbeth] and King Lear. He uses them for every dramatic purpose.”

Clockwise from left: a nightingale, chough, wren, skylark and cormorant – a few of Shakespeare’s birds
Lichtenberg says people tend to impose their own views on Shakespeare’s works, which may be one reason why Victorian bird enthusiasts wanted to use his texts to justify releasing non-native species.

A bird enthusiast would find what they want to hear in Shakespeare, “and a bird hater would find just as much grist for the mill”, he says.

Eugene Schieffelin was a member of the American Acclimatization Society, which aimed to introduce plants and birds from the old world of Europe to create comfort and familiarity in the new nation of America.

“Most of the introductions that were made by these societies failed miserably,” says Kevin McGowan of the Laboratory of Ornithology at Cornell University.

“But some of them stuck and were very successful – the most obvious being the house sparrow and the European starling.”

Starlings nest in holes, which offer one of the safest environments to lay eggs because they are generally inaccessible to predators.

“But there aren’t that many holes out there so the competition is intense,” says McGowan. “And European starlings are really good competitors. They’re smallish birds, about half the size of a fist. But they weigh half as much again relative to other birds – and it seems to be all muscle.

“And that’s the single biggest problem. They out-compete all the native hole-nesters.”

Scientists say there’s a correlation between the increased numbers of starlings and a decline in native species such as the red headed woodpecker, purple martin and bluebird.

But they’re not entirely certain that starlings are the cause, and starling numbers are also declining slightly – although not significantly enough to make a difference in the impact they have on the environment.

In 2012 – the latest figures available – the USDA killed almost 1.5 million starlings by shooting and trapping.

“But I would say we’ve had zero effect on the overall population,” says Linz.

So does anybody other than Shakespeare and misguided 19th Century bird lovers have any liking of starlings?

“One can make a case that they really shouldn’t be here – but starlings are really cool birds,” says McGowan. “They are these beautiful iridescent creatures with purple and green across the chest and throat. And they have really cool songs because they throw in mimicry of other species.”

APC Hits Wike, Says Gov. Amaechi and APC Cannot Be Jittery Over A Finished PDP In Rivers.

By Nwaorgu Faustina.

PRESS RELEASE

APC Hits Wike, Says Gov. Amaechi and APC Cannot Be Jittery Over A
Finished PDP In Rivers

The Leadership of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in Rivers State
has read with much amusement the ranting of the Supervising Minister
of Education, Chief Nyesom Wike, at the Krisdera Stadium, Omoku,
headquarters of Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area in the Orashi
Region of Rivers State. Wike claimed during activities marking the
first anniversary of the appointment of Chief Felix Obuah as the
Undertaker-Chairman of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) whose main
mission is to dismantle the party in Rivers State that “the Rivers
State Governor, Rotimi Amaechi, and his supporters are jittery and
afraid and the governor and his supporters are making efforts to
return to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) from the All Progressives
Congress (APC)”.

This, to say the least, is a lie from the pit of hell. It is really
unfortunate that a man holding a high office as a Federal Minister
could lie so brazenly and without compunction in his desperation to
raise the morale of his fast depleting followers in the Rivers PDP.

If we may ask, what will make Governor Amaechi and APC in Rivers State
to be jittery and afraid? Afraid of PDP that is in disarray and cursed
with a rudderless leadership without any sound vision? Afraid of a
party whose founding fathers are leaving in droves and a party that
has virtually ceased to function in Rivers State? This is nothing but
the ranting of a drowning man. We would ordinarily not have bothered
to respond to Wike if not for the need to put the records straight.

It is indeed ridiculous for Wike to allege that Governor Amaechi and
other APC leaders in the State are planning to rejoin PDP through the
backdoor. What he does not understand is that Gov. Amaechi has left
PDP for good, without any intention of returning to the sinking ship
which PDP has become as of today.

Wike should continue with his vision and mission, which is to run down
Nigeria’s educational system. It has gone on record that he supervised
and ensured that Federal Polytechnics and Colleges of Education are
permanently closed pending when he leaves office as the Supervising
Minister of Education. His plot to render our University system
comatose failed after he ensured that the Universities were closed for
six months. The people of Rivers State are wise enough not to allow
such a failed politician and administrator to govern the State even
for one second to avoid him destroying all the enviable legacies of
Governor Amaechi.
Wike must be suffering from a very severe high fever for him to be
dreaming of installing a drowning PDP as the ruling party in Rivers
State in 2015. We advise him to urgently visit Prof Kesley Harrison
Specialist Hospital Diobu, Port Harcourt, for proper medical attention
before his case becomes irredeemable.

Rivers State is an APC State and a million Wikes cannot change that
fact. We are proud of the feats of Governor Amaechi and we thank God
that he has today become a political institution whose sandals Wike is
unfit to untie.

Long Life APC!

Long Life Rivers State!!
Chief Eze Chukwuemeka Eze,
SSA Media and Public Affairs to the Interim State Chairman, APC Rivers State
22-04-14

Stop Search Or We Kill Abducted Girls, Insurgents Warn

image

This is not the best of times for the parents of the abducted final year students of the Government Girls’ Secondary School (GGSS), Chibok, Borno State, as suspected members of the Boko Haram have threatened to kill the parents and the students if the parents and soldiers continue with their search in Sambisa Forest, according to a report carried by the Hausa Service of the Voice of America (VOA).

One of the parents told the VOA that “we are seriously disturbed about the abduction of the innocent children. We, the parents, have decided to raise some money to fuel 150 motorbikes to enter the forest in search of our daughters.”

Parents of some of the abducted girls have headed into the forest in a desperate search for their daughters. One of the fathers told the Hausa Service of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that he was willing to die in the forest in an attempt to free his daughter.

A group of parents have raised money to buy fuel and water and have moved into the forest with a local vigilante group to search for the girls.

The Nigerian Air Force, the Nigerian Army, the police, vigilante groups and volunteers are all involved in the search for the schoolgirls.

The school principal, Asabe Kwambura, and parents of the abducted girls had disclosed that the missing girls were 234 in number.

“We are calling on the government to do everything possible to track these people and save our daughters from them. They should not allow our daughters’ dreams to be shattered by these murderers.

“They took away our daughters and our nieces and we fear for their safety in the hands of these merciless people that take delight in killing and destruction,” one parent said.

 

25 killed in another Wukari community

Gunmen yesterday launched an attack on Ndo-Yaku Village of Wukari local government area of Taraba State, killing 25 persons and burning down houses, according to local sources.

The attackers, who were said to be wearing military uniforms, stormed the village which is a few kilometres away from the administrative headquarters of the council at about 9am.

Former president of the Jukun Youth of Vision, Wukari, Mr.  Luka Agbu, alleged that the attack was launched by hired mercenaries who are hell-bent on reducing the population of the Jukuns.

He said, “We don’t know what the Jukuns have done because it is only the Jukuns that they concentrate on, and as I am talking to you now, apart from the killings, several houses have been burnt down completely.”

According to him, the gunmen attacked the village and other villages that were previously attacked with General Multipurpose Machine Guns (GMPGs), easily overpowering the security personnel in the area.

He appealed to the federal government and state authorities to deploy more security presence to the community to contain the situation.

When contacted, the Police Public Relations Officer (PPRO), ASP Joseph Kwaji, confirmed the attack, saying howeve, that he was yet to be briefed by the Divisional Police Officer (DPO) from the area.

 

Bauchi Govt Evacuates 255 Students From School

Meanwhile, Bauchi State Ministry of Education has evacuated 255 female students from Government Girls’ Secondary School (GGSS), Yan, in Shira Local Government Area and has taken them to the state capital, Bauchi, following a recent attack by unknown gunmen at the school, according to a report by the Hausa Service of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

Gunmen had attacked Yana town on Sunday morning and set ablaze the staff quarters of GGSS, Yana.

The gunmen were said to have invaded the town with sophisticated weapons and explosive devices and reportedly burnt the school staff quarters, but no student was hurt during the attack as the school is closed for break, leaving the final year students in the school.

The hurried evacuation of the female final year students might not be unconnected with security lapses in the town and the abduction of over 230 final year students from GGSS, Chibok, Borno State by the Boko Haram sect.

Although, Bauchi State is one of the restive states in the northeast that is not affected by the emergency rule in the region, it has come under attacks in the recent time.

 

Boko Haram will not defeat us – Gov. Shettima

Meanwhile, the Borno State governor Kashim Shettima has declared that the Boko Haram insurgents will not emerge victorious in their continued killing and maiming of innocent Nigerians.

Shettima stated this yesterday this while speaking with journalists in Maiduguri, the Borno State capital, following the recent attack and abduction of hundreds of female students at GGSC, Chibok.

The governor said: “They can burn our physical infrastructure, but they cannot destroy our souls. We are going to survive and rebuild our lives because truth will always triumph over falsehood.”

According to him, Boko Haram is an ideology built on falsehood which cannot stand the test of time.

Shettima also described the abduction of the students as a national tragedy.

“The abduction of innocent girls is also a trial from God, and we will overcome it soon.Our hearts go to the parents of the abducted girls, because it is a tragedy that has befallen all of us,” he added.

Shettima expressed optimism that the girls would soon be rescued by security agents.

He said, “Security agents are working very hard to rescue the girls. Hopefully the girls will be rescued in a very short while,” he said.

 

More troops deployed to Wukari – Taraba Ag. Gov

Acting Governor of Taraba State, Alhaji Garba Umar, has said that 50 additional soldiers have been deployed from Adamawa State to Wukari in Taraba State, in an effort to tackle the wave of communal clashes in the area.

Communal clashes have engulfed the area since April 15 leading to the death of at least 24 people.

Umar who revealed this at a news conference in Jalingo yesterday said the soldiers would complement the troops already on ground.

He directed that the Takum General Hospital, which was closed down due to security reasons, be re-opened so that victims of the recent violent attacks in area could receive treatment.

The acting governor sympathised with four women who were delivered of their babies at the Mutum-Biyu refugee camp and promised that government would render free treatment to every victim of the attacks in the area.

Umar announced that the 24-hour curfew earlier imposed in the area had been relaxed and would be in force from noon to 6am.

According to him, 29 trailers loaded with relief materials had been sent to Takum, Wukari, Gassol and Ibi areas to minimise the sufferings of the people occasioned by the attacks.

Umar reiterated that his government had taken proactive measures to deal with the security challenges, saying that security issues were too sensitive to be politicised.

“We remain committed to the security and wellbeing of the public. Unfortunately some people are using this security challenge to have political gains. Security of our dear state is too sensitive to play politics with,” he said. (NAN)

 

Kaduna Christians, Muslims Tasked Over Unity, Tolerance

A member of the Jema’a Emirate Council in Kaduna State, Zannan Jema’a, Alhaji Dankeke Mato, has urged Christians and Muslims to imbibe tolerance and live in unity in order to allow peace reign supreme in the society.

Mato also admonished the adherents of Islam and Christianity to avoid religious rivalry and ethnicity, adding that peace is the responsibility of all.

Addressing journalists in Kaduna yesterday, Mato said: “We in Kaduna State in the past lived in peace with one another other without discriminating on religious or tribal basis. So I think we should go back to that era when peace was the order of the day. I call on our people to respect one another’s faith.”

According to him, Northern Nigeria used to be the most peaceful part of the country but today the story is different.

He therefore appealed to the people in the state to disregard rumour mongers, and called on youths in the state not to involve themselves in social vices.

Mato further called on the people to support the administration of Governor Ramalan Yero who is always committed to promoting peace and understanding between Christians and Muslims in the state.

BREAKING NEWS: Akpabio Relieves, Effiong Abia, Albert Akpan, Others


GOVERNMENT OF AKWA IBOM STATE
24/4/2014
PRESS RELEASE

In view of the need to reinvigorate the machinery of Government and drive further the Uncommon Transformation Programme of the State, His Excellency the Executive Governor of Akwa Ibom State, Chief (Dr) Godswill Akpabio, CON, has approved a minor cabinet reshuffle.
Accordingly, the following Commissioners have been relieved of their appointments.

Governor Akpabio.

Governor Akpabio.

1.   Mr. Bassey Albert Akpan, Former Commissioner for Finance

2.   Bar. Effiong Abia, Former Commissioner for Rural Development.

His Excellency has directed the affected Commissioners to hand over to the Permanent Secretaries in their respective ministries. The Governor however thanked the former Commissioners for their contributions to the development of the State and wishes them success in their future endeavours.

Similarly, His Excellency the Governor has approved the relief of the following Board Chairmen of their appointments:

1.    Obong Sunny Udom

(Former Chairman, Akwa Ibom Property and Investment Company Limited, APICO)
2.   Hon. Patrick Ifon

(Former Chairman, Akwa Ibom Water Company Limited)

3.    Obong Dan Akai

(Former Chairman, Akwa Ibom Newspapers Corporation, AKNC)

4.   Hon. Alex Nyong
(Former Chairman, Akwa Ibom Broadcasting Corporation, AKBC)
5.    Hon. John Asikpo

(Former Chairman, Akwa Ibom State Environmental Protection and Management Board)

6.   Abom Tony Esu
(Former Chairman, Akwa Ibom State Agency for Community and Social Development)
His Excellency, the Governor further thanked the affected officers for their services to the State and wishes them success in their new engagements.
Signed
 
Aniekan Umanah
Hon. Commissioner for Information and Communications
Akwa Ibom State – Nigeria

The Real Issues on Akwa Ibom State Finances.

By Moses Ekong

Governor Godswill Akpabio has just concluded a tour of the 10 federal constituencies in Akwa Ibom State.
During the four-week visit, he
commissioned some projects, made more promises to the people and spoke glowingly of his achievements and the need for him to select his
successor. But quite curiously, and to the surprise of most stakeholders, he
again kept one piece of information a secret: How much Akwa Ibom State
has earned since he became governor in May 2007 and what is the real size of its total indebtedness. Despite
acclaimed successes in many areas especially infrastructure, the agitation
from many eminent citizens to the governor to carry the people along on how he has managed their resources
all these years have really not been addressed despite prodding from some quarters. In simple terms, what is the true financial position of the Akwa Ibom State government?

In the last few weeks, for instance, two Akwa Ibom citizens, Felix Abang,

Akpabio

Akpabio

an Abuja-based attorney and Elder Enefiok Ekefre, the founding Chairman of PDP in Uyo LGA, quoting figures
from the Federal and State Ministry of Finance, claimed in newspaper publications that the government has
incurred a about N400 billion in bank debts and contractors’ unpaid
invoices, despite sizeable inflow of revenue into the state’s treasury over
seven years or thereabout. Although the government has denied these figures, it has not stated what the true
position is. The other day, the Commissioner for
Finance, Bassey Albert Akpan made a feeble attempt in a newspaper advertorial to explain why Fitch Rating
withdrew its services from the state. Akpan also denied claims that the state’s total debts are as much as N400 billion. But a comment from him on our total receipts and earnings so far would have addressed agitated minds. So the haunting question remains: how much has the
administration earned so far and what is the total debt obligation?

From data sourced on disbursements from the Federal Ministry of Finance, it
is clear that the Akpabio
administration has earned a little over N3 trillion since its inception seven years ago, a figure the finance commissioner did not contest in his advertorial.

The details of the inflows are as follows: An average of N20 billion per month for the last 72 months from the FAAC gives N1.44
trillion, Allocations from Excess Crude Accounts in 2009, 2010, 2011 and
2012 is N410 billion, refund from Revenue & Fiscal Mobilisation Commission in 2010 for adjusted oil wells and Paris Club debts
reconciliation (N400 billion), Sure-P allocation in the last 15 months N18.3
billion), Ecological Fund (N10.7 billion) and IGR in 72 months at an average of N800m per month (N57.6
billion). These give a total of N3.335 trillion. In the context of this discussion, a look at the government’s budgets over the years will suffice. On assuming office in May 2007, Akpabio inherited his predecessor’s budget for that year. But the new administration earned more than N200 billion between May and December of that
year. In 2008, the administration budgeted N2881.66 billion, N283.81b
in 2009, N288.844b in 2010, N419.78 billion in 2011, N397.14b in 2012,
N470.08billion in 2013 and N498.53 billion in 2014. In each of these years,
the governor also got approval for supplementary budgets of about N1
trillion, thus bringing total budgeted sums for the last seven years to about
N3.351 trillion. This indicates a close approximation to the total revenue of the state within the same period.
Interestingly, some official government propagandists keep claiming that the
government revenues have not been near this level. Has the government then been engaging in deficit budgeting?

Can we safely conclude that based on the state’s budgets since 2008 and figures from the Federal Ministry of Finance in Abuja, not less than N3.335 billion has accrued to the administration since inception in May 2007?

On the issue of debt, it is surprising that the government could deny its
total obligations of hundreds of billions of naira to banks and contractors – an
information which is readily available in the relevant ministry. In fact, as recently as a few months ago, the
government allegedly engaged in a new wave of borrowings to finance a
hotel project in Ikot Ekpene even though the one in Uyo has been abandoned. The relevant questions then are: Why is the government’s
commitment to the banks so much a month if not as debt repayments? Why have contractors abandoned
work on the terminal building of the airport and the MRO facility if they are
not owed? Why is the 16-floor hotel project in Uyo a stillbirth six years after work started? Why is work on the Twentieth Anniversary Hospital
project in Uyo and several road projects like Etinan-Eket Road abandoned? Why has work stopped at foundation level in the 5,000-seater
convention centre if it is not for contractors’ unpaid invoices? This was the convention centre that the
governor had boasted to President Jonathan would be ready to host the African Union meeting. Even the
contractor boasted that the PDP annual convention would be hosted in the facility before Akpabio leaves
office.

Now we know better! Some well-informed insiders in government in Uyo believe that one possible reason the administration is keeping
sealed lips on its finances is the embarrassing gap that exists between the total revenues earned and the
value of projects so far executed.

The onus therefore is on the governor to come clean with Akwa Ibom people and provide a detailed outlay of the state’s finances and debts profile since 2007. This should have advisedly formed the integral part of his town hall meeting briefings; it’s
not only about projects completed. That would be an incomplete briefing!
Instead of being accountable to the people, all the people are getting are insults and abuses on anybody who
dares to ask questions. The
administration seems to be
unnecessarily sensitive, secretive to questions raised about the management of the state’s finances.

Yet democracy demands that leaders must give regular accounts of their stewardship.
Indeed, our democracy will be in peril if leaders treat issues of transparency, probity and accountability with levity
and disdain. We note that a few other PDP governors like Theodore A. Orji of Abia State and Emmanuel Uduaghan
of Delta State regularly publish their states’ financials. Akpabio’s
predecessor, Obong Victor Attah, had a special publication in the Ministry of
Finance, in which the state’s revenue and expenditures were regularly published. Our people demand no less. This is a challenge to the current
administration on being accountable to the people, based on trust. We
should emphasize Akpabio should be mindful of the verdict of history.

• Moses Ekong lives in Lagos

R-E-V-E-A-L-E-D!!! BOKO HARAM: THE OFFICILIZATION OF THE BUTCHERING INSTINCT IN SOME PEOPLE’S DNA – The Irony of Nyako’s Memo.

R-E-V-E-A-L-E-D!!!<br />
BOKO HARAM: THE OFFICILIZATION OF THE BUTCHERING INSTINCT IN SOME PEOPLE’S DNA – The Irony of Nyako’s Memo.</p>
<p>Governor Nyako of Adamawa State has written a memo to fellow Northern governors asking them to prepare for war against President Jonathan and his government for the killings of the Christians going on in the north by Boko haram. </p>
<p>He claims Mr President is the blood sucking demon that wants to commit a genocide against the Northern Christians and laughably his aristocratic brothers. The retired Navy Commodore must have been quick to forget that it is a natural phenomenon in his region to butcher fellow human beings (Mostly Christians) without remorse.<br />
As a retired General in the Navy ( A revered arm of the Nigerian Military and as a former Military Administrator and a member of the disbanded Armed Force Ruling Council), it is so disappointing that his ability to think has been retarded drastically by his hate of this administration.</p>
<p>Since he has forgotten too soon, I was able to make a list of killings in the north that precedes the advent of the Goodluck Jonathan’s led administration. Commodore Nyako should also be aware that the Boko Haram sect is not new but just an officialization of the process to 1. Make Nigeria ungovernable to the present administration, 2. Make sure no non-Muslim rules over Muslims, 3. Islamize Nigeria, 4. Eliminate non-Moslems from the northern region.</p>
<p>Below is a drafted list of killings perpetuated against the Northern Christians by Nyako’s brothers in the far Northwest, Northeast, and North central Geopolitical Region (the Middle Belt) before the advent of President Jonathan and the easily accessed social media.</p>
<p>1). 1980 May: 2467 Christians killed in Zaria</p>
<p>2). 1980 December 18‐20 Riots in Kano. The Maitatsine sect, 4,177 were killed (Mostly Christians and Easterners).</p>
<p>3). 1982 September 29-October 3. Disturbances in Kaduna, Kaduna State. 53 killed and many churches were burned.</p>
<p>4). 1982 October 29‐30. Further trouble in Maiduguri, Borno State by the Maitatsine sects. 118 died.</p>
<p>5). 1984 February 27-March 5. Disturbance in Yola, then Gongola State by the Maitatsine sect, 568 died. Mostly Christians</p>
<p>6). 1985 April 26‐28: Riot in Gombe, Bauchi State by the Maitatsine sect. 105 Mostly Christians died.</p>
<p>7). 1987 March 5th and subsequent days. In Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Christians defended themselves against the rampaging killer extremist Muslims at the College of Education.100 Churches were burnt.</p>
<p>8). 1987 March. Katsina, Funtua, Zaria, Gussau and Kaduna (Kaduna State). A wave of religious riots, many churches were burnt and property destroyed, and many lives were lost.</p>
<p>9). 1991 April In Katsina, several lives were lost. Shiite sect in Katsina led by Malam Yahaya Yakubu.</p>
<p>10). 1991 April, in Tafawa Balewa University(Bauchi State) over 200 lives were lost with properties and 20 churches destroyed.</p>
<p>11). 1991 October 14‐ 15. In Kano, the attempt of the Izala sect to stop Rev. Bonnke from preaching became violent. Thousands of Christians died and property destroyed. Conservative estimates (3800)</p>
<p>12). 1992 February 6th and then May 15‐16: Zango Kataf, Zaria, Kaduna State Communal clash becomes a religious clash, with lives and property destroyed.</p>
<p>13). Funtua (Katsina State). Kalakato religious sect assaulted a village head. Over 50 lives were lost and properties destroyed.</p>
<p>14). 1999. May 20. Muslim‐Christian riots in Kaduna, for three days, several hundred were feared dead. 3200 conservative estimate, mostly Christians</p>
<p>15). 1999. July 18: Hausa and Yoruba riot in Shagamu, over 60 are killed. This led to trouble in Kano where over 70 were killed.</p>
<p>16). 2000 August 11. About 200 were killed as the army intervened in Taraba State<br />
2000 October.</p>
<p>Sharia Law in is introduced in Zamfara State after our bearded Governor returned from Osama Bin Laden’s School of terrorist, Sudan.</p>
<p>17). 2000 February. Riots in Kaduna over the introduction of Sharia. Over 400 are killed. Mostly Christians</p>
<p>18). 2001 September 7. Christian‐Muslim conflicts in Jos. Over 500 are killed.</p>
<p>19). 2001 October 12‐14 In Kano, there were anti‐American riots, because of USA intervention in Afghanistan. At least 350 are killed Mostly Christians. (You can imagine the mentality, Northern Christians are now citizens of America).</p>
<p>20). 2006 February: Sectarian violence sparked by cartoons of Islam’s most revered figure spread to 11 Nigerian cities resulting in the burning of 28 churches and pushing the total death toll to more than 650. (Ordinary cartoon..hmmmm, What was the business of Northern Christians and Southerners living in the north?</p>
<p>And Nyako just realized that the federal Government led by President Goodluck Jonathan has been responsible for the animalistic killing instinct in some people’s DNA. – Hope For Nigeria.</p>
<p>LIKE <a href=http://www.fb.com/hopefornigeria Page, if U have not done that already.

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Governor Nyako of Adamawa State has written a memo to fellow Northern governors asking them to prepare for war against President Jonathan and his government for the killings of the Christians going on in the north by Boko haram.

He claims Mr President is the blood sucking demon that wants to commit a genocide against the Northern Christians and laughably his aristocratic brothers. The retired Navy Commodore must have been quick to forget that it is a natural phenomenon in his region to butcher fellow human beings (Mostly Christians) without remorse.
As a retired General in the Navy ( A revered arm of the Nigerian Military and as a former Military Administrator and a member of the disbanded Armed Force Ruling Council), it is so disappointing that his ability to think has been retarded drastically by his hate of this administration.

Since he has forgotten too soon, I was able to make a list of killings in the north that precedes the advent of the Goodluck Jonathan’s led administration. Commodore Nyako should also be aware that the Boko Haram sect is not new but just an officialization of the process to 1. Make Nigeria ungovernable to the present administration, 2. Make sure no non-Muslim rules over Muslims, 3. Islamize Nigeria, 4. Eliminate non-Moslems from the northern region.

Below is a drafted list of killings perpetuated against the Northern Christians by Nyako’s brothers in the far Northwest, Northeast, and North central Geopolitical Region (the Middle Belt) before the advent of President Jonathan and the easily accessed social media.

1). 1980 May: 2467 Christians killed in Zaria

2). 1980 December 18‐20 Riots in Kano. The Maitatsine sect, 4,177 were killed (Mostly Christians and Easterners).

3). 1982 September 29-October 3. Disturbances in Kaduna, Kaduna State. 53 killed and many churches were burned.

4). 1982 October 29‐30. Further trouble in Maiduguri, Borno State by the Maitatsine sects. 118 died.

5). 1984 February 27-March 5. Disturbance in Yola, then Gongola State by the Maitatsine sect, 568 died. Mostly Christians

6). 1985 April 26‐28: Riot in Gombe, Bauchi State by the Maitatsine sect. 105 Mostly Christians died.

7). 1987 March 5th and subsequent days. In Kafanchan, Kaduna State, Christians defended themselves against the rampaging killer extremist Muslims at the College of Education.100 Churches were burnt.

8). 1987 March. Katsina, Funtua, Zaria, Gussau and Kaduna (Kaduna State). A wave of religious riots, many churches were burnt and property destroyed, and many lives were lost.

9). 1991 April In Katsina, several lives were lost. Shiite sect in Katsina led by Malam Yahaya Yakubu.

10). 1991 April, in Tafawa Balewa University(Bauchi State) over 200 lives were lost with properties and 20 churches destroyed.

11). 1991 October 14‐ 15. In Kano, the attempt of the Izala sect to stop Rev. Bonnke from preaching became violent. Thousands of Christians died and property destroyed. Conservative estimates (3800)

12). 1992 February 6th and then May 15‐16: Zango Kataf, Zaria, Kaduna State Communal clash becomes a religious clash, with lives and property destroyed.

13). Funtua (Katsina State). Kalakato religious sect assaulted a village head. Over 50 lives were lost and properties destroyed.

14). 1999. May 20. Muslim‐Christian riots in Kaduna, for three days, several hundred were feared dead. 3200 conservative estimate, mostly Christians

15). 1999. July 18: Hausa and Yoruba riot in Shagamu, over 60 are killed. This led to trouble in Kano where over 70 were killed.

16). 2000 August 11. About 200 were killed as the army intervened in Taraba State
2000 October.

Sharia Law in is introduced in Zamfara State after our bearded Governor returned from Osama Bin Laden’s School of terrorist, Sudan.

17). 2000 February. Riots in Kaduna over the introduction of Sharia. Over 400 are killed. Mostly Christians

18). 2001 September 7. Christian‐Muslim conflicts in Jos. Over 500 are killed.

19). 2001 October 12‐14 In Kano, there were anti‐American riots, because of USA intervention in Afghanistan. At least 350 are killed Mostly Christians. (You can imagine the mentality, Northern Christians are now citizens of America).

20). 2006 February: Sectarian violence sparked by cartoons of Islam’s most revered figure spread to 11 Nigerian cities resulting in the burning of 28 churches and pushing the total death toll to more than 650. (Ordinary cartoon..hmmmm, What was the business of Northern Christians and Southerners living in the north?

And Nyako just realized that the federal Government led by President Goodluck Jonathan has been responsible for the animalistic killing instinct in some people’s DNA.

Boko Haram age-long slaughtering of Christians in the North